He was born in Balasore, Odisha, has obtained BFA in Painting from Utkal University, Bhubaneswar; MFA in Creative Painting & M. Phil in History of Art from Dr. B.R. Ambedkar University, Agra. He was conferred Ph.D. in Jaina Art by Mahatma Gandhi Chitrakoot Gramodya Vishwavidyalaya. M. P. in the year 2014.
Prof. Mallik has presented more than 20 research papers on various topics of art and aesthetics in national and international Journals and Seminars along with 13 solo shows, participation 50 group exhibitions. Prof. Ranjan has also edited three books and curated numerous National & International Art Events. An artist, educator, researcher and curator, Professor Mallik has received numerous National & International Awards and Honours. He had also served in the past as Faculty in Lalitkala Sansthan, Dr B R Ambedkar University, Agra, Academic Head, Arena Animation & Picasso Animation, New Delhi and HOD of School of Fine Arts at Amity University, Haryana. He is also a member of many National & International Academic & Industrial Organizations.